Fishing resources

Bringing “the People Back”: Conserving Forest Resources with Dr Apichart Pattaratuma


The main task of the Indonesian Army (TNI) is to maintain the sovereignty of the state, defend the territorial integrity of the unitary state of the Republic of Indonesia on the basis of the Pancasila ideology and the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia of 1945, and to protect the whole nation and the whole homeland of Indonesia from threats and disturbances to the integrity of the nation and the state. The technical form is that of military operations.

But in addition to the main tasks, the Indonesian military also has other tasks which do not involve kinetic warfare versions of military operations, such as securing strategic national vital objects, carrying out world peace tasks in accordance with to the foreign policy of Indonesia, securing the President and Vice President and their families, assisting the police of the Republic of Indonesia within the framework of the task of security and public order as regulated by law, helping to cope with the consequences of natural disasters, evacuation and providing humanitarian aid, assisting local governments, and others.

Here, as a member of the Indonesian Army, I would like to talk about the task of the Indonesian Army (TNI) in assisting local governments. The task of assisting local government comes in the form of actions such as assisting in the implementation of government functions in conditions and situations that require military facilities, tools and capabilities to resolve issues. encountered, including helping to cope with the effects of natural disasters, rehabilitating infrastructure and overcoming problems resulting from strikes and community conflicts. In other words, the Indonesian military has the task of helping local governments (of course, civilian governments) to solve the problems facing society.

One of the technical forms of this task is the “Manunggal Village Development” program (called “TMMD” in the Indonesian version). Manunggal means “to cooperate and integrate between the army and the people.” TMMD is a form of TNI service operations, which is an integrated cross-sectoral program between TNI and the ministry, non-ministerial government agencies and regional governments as well as other components of the nation, which is carried out in an integrated manner with community, to increase the acceleration of development activities in rural areas, especially in areas classified as underdeveloped, isolated, border and urban slums as well as other disaster-affected areas.

This program is also part of the TNI Army’s commitment to participate in nation and state building with other components of the nation in a synergistic and sustainable manner. In the implementation of the TMMD, the Indonesian Army cooperates with the Ministry of Villages, Development of Deprived Areas and Transmigration of the Republic of Indonesia as well as with all its staff. In addition, there is also cooperation with the Provincial Planning Council, the Community Empowerment Agency and the village provincial government (called BPMPDP in the Indonesian version) as well as the regional or regency / city government.

In other words, the TMMD as a form of service for the achievement of national defense in the region, is also an effort of the TNI to help preserve the history and value of the TNI-People unity. Essentially, TMMD can be seen as TNI’s active involvement in rural development. Meanwhile, in terms of formula, TMMD is a leap in development methodology which refers to simplicity, unity and cross-sectoral coordination of the functions of multiple agencies / institutions.

The mechanism of the TMMD program is based on the spirit of bottom-up planning from the results of deliberation or village discussion, followed by a meeting at the sub-district level and then discussed at the district or district level. city. It is only then that the TNI “Cooperation in village construction” (TMMD) is scheduled. We see here that determining the targets of the TMMD requires a long process because it must be based on the most urgent and necessary needs of the villagers. Not only on planning, the work of the TMMD project always involves various elements of community components, including elements of TNI, regional government, departmental and non-departmental institutions as well as the community.

Strategically, the TMMD program will certainly foster the spirit of mutual cooperation amid the growing threat of social cohesion and globalization. Most of the targets of the TMMD project are scattered in rural areas or in underdeveloped villages, but this does not reduce or minimize the sense of the philosophy it carries, namely the unity of the TNI and the people.

Because historically, however, the spirit of the birth of TNI cannot be separated from the people, born from the people and raised by the people. This means that what the TNI does must be geared towards the interests of the people, and not towards the interests of certain groups or groups. This is where the importance of one of the visions and missions of the TNI must be in the accomplishment of its main task, namely to be loved and loved by its people.

And for this year in my area of ​​duty as commander of the sub-regional military command of Pematang Siantar (called Korem in Indonesian version), North Sumatra, Indonesia, TNI and the people have agreed on several activities . Among others: helping to irrigate the rice fields of the community of about 200 hectares which in 2018 were destroyed by flooding, helping the city government of Pematang Siantar to increase the competitiveness of the regional agricultural sector, and helping to accelerate the mitigation of Covid 19 which is still a threat to public health. in the zone.

The expected results of this program are, among others, to help the community to irrigate the rice fields during the floods, to prevent the occurrence of banjor disasters and landslides, and to accelerate development in the region of the town of Pematang Siantar. This program will run from August 21, 2021 to October 14, 2021. As usual, through this program, the Indonesian army, especially the army, will always strive to stay with the people, integrating with the people in the development of the region. This is the spirit that the Indonesian army wants to continue to preserve.