Fishing resources

Vietnam aims for sustainable exploitation of marine resources | Business


Useful measures in seafood fishing help fishermen in Hoai Nhon town to increase their production. (Photo: SGGP)

As vessel # BD-96768TS replenishes her necessary items and fuel at Quy Nhon fishing port, her owner Ly Van Vang briefly informed that on the next trip her vessel had 13 fishermen, using modern equipment to catch striped skipjack along the Truong Sa archipelago (in Khanh Hoa province). After such a trip, his vessel can catch 20-40 tonnes of fish and earn around 400-750 million VND (about 17,500-33,000 USD).

Equipment upgrades have obviously saved Vietnamese fishermen a lot of time and effort while also helping them earn more money. “In addition to modern tools, we go in groups of 5 to 15 ships. When an ideal fishing spot is identified, small vessels anchor there to operate for 2 months while large fishing vessels bring products to the mainland and then bring essential products back to the fishing site. This method can increase performance by 50 percent and reduce unnecessary movement of vessels, thereby minimizing violation of international laws, ”Vang explained.

Modern fishing vessels are also installed with radar equipment, a locator and a fish finder to increase fishing capacity by more than 50 percent and reduce fuel consumption by 25 percent, the president informed. Fisheries Union of Tinh Ky Commune, Phan Huu Nhat (in Quang Ngai Province). .

This commune has also had remarkable success in the new model of deep sea fishing where the vessels are equipped with a special product preservation system using PU FOAM to extend the preservation time. The province of Quang Ngai has formed 12 fishing unions, 306 fishing teams, 8 deep-sea fishing cooperatives to increase working capacity and reduce potential risks, to fight against IUU fishing.

Likewise, Binh Thuan province maintains 129 fishing teams with 982 vessels and 5 fishing unions with 68 vessels. This trend is aimed at more sustainable development for those working in the field because they are closer and more responsible.

Vietnam aims for sustainable exploitation of marine resources ảnh 2 Hoai Nhon Town Fisheries Union is still against IUU fishing (Photo: SGGP)

Sharing the same goal, the city of Hoai Nhon in Binh Dinh province, the capital of tuna fishing in the central region of Vietnam. The city has more than 2,300 fishing boats, 90 percent of which are offshore vessels for tuna fishing. In 2020, its seafood catch production reached 59,000 tonnes, grossing over 1,000 billion dong ($ 43.9 million).

15 years ago, when the inhabitants of the central region tried to fish offshore, the fishermen of the town of Hoai Nhon came together in groups or unions for this task. So far, the city’s main union has around 1,100 member vessels that still cooperate at work and strictly follow international laws to avoid IUU fishing.

In addition to the modernization of fishing equipment, the city is gradually setting up modern fishing infrastructure. There are about 200 companies offering special services related to fishing, employing more than 20,000 people.

Remarkably, Bui Thanh Ninh from Thien Chanh fishing village in Tam Quan Bac commune north of Hoai Nhon city designed the mother fishing vessel – model of satellite vessel. During a fishing trip, satellite vessels are responsible for detecting schools of fish and catching fish, while the mother ship preserves the product and carries the necessary fuel, essential products. This model significantly reduces risk, fuel consumption, overhead costs and minimizes illegal fishing activities.

As natural seafood resources dwindle, fishing yields inevitably decline. This calls for the implementation of measures to regenerate seafood for more sustainable exploitation.

Ca Mau Province Fisheries Sub-Department has released 500 cube-shaped artificial reefs in its western coastal area, 14 km from Da Bac Island, to be new homes to attract more fish. here. This is especially handy since large fish start to appear more, signaling that the natural food chain has been positively reestablished.

The managers of these special houses are currently fishermen living in the neighborhood. The good news is that illegal fishing vessels do not dare to carry out their work near these areas as their equipment could be damaged by the artificial concrete reefs and they could be caught by local fishermen on a surveillance mission.

The head of the fisheries sub-department of Ca Mau province, Do Chi Si, indicated that the construction of these artificial reefs aims to promote natural seafood resources. This project will soon be evaluated before being considered for future expansion.

By Staff Editors – Translated by Huong Vuong